Lavender is indigenous to the Mediterranean area and is a perennial herb plant, with a heavenly fragrance, that grows best in climates that don't have a lot of high heat or humidity. If planted under the right conditions, it is a relatively easy plant to grow. It prefers a well-drained soil that is somewhat sandy, not rich in humus, and slightly alkaline (pH factor between 6.0 and 8.0). It loves full sun and rarely needs to be fertilized.
There are hundreds of different varieties of lavender; each one with its own special quality such as plant or flower size, flower or leaf color, fragrance or hardiness. Although lavender is usually associated with shades of blue, plants are available in varying hues of purple and lilac, white, pink, mauve and even yellow.